Every colonized people-in other words, every people in whose soul an inferiority complex has been created by the death and burial of its local cultural originality-finds itself face to face with the language of the civilizing nation; that is, with the culture of the mother country. The colonized is elevated above his jungle status in proportion to his adoption of the mother country's cultural standards.
colonized quotespeoplein quoteswords quotespeople quotessoul quotesinferiority quotescomplex quotescreated quotesdeath quotesburial quoteslocal quotescultural quotesoriginalityfinds quotesface quoteslanguage quotescivilizing quotesnation quotesculture quotesmother quotescountry quoteselevated quotesjungle quotesstatus quotesproportion quotesadoption quotescountrys quotesstandards quotes
My intimate knowledge of many central African tribes has everywhere convinced me of the necessity that the Negro does not respect treaties but only brute force.""¢ General Adrian Dietrich Lothar von Trotha on German South West Africa "At the level of individuals, violence is a cleansing force. It frees the native from his inferiority complex and from his despair and inaction, it makes him fearless and restores his self-respect.
intimate quotesknowledge quotescentral quotesafrican quotestribes quotesconvinced quotesnecessity quotesnegro quotesrespect quotestreaties quotesbrute quotesforce¢ quotesgeneral quotesadrian quotesdietrich quoteslothar quotesvon quotestrotha quotesgerman quotessouth quoteswest quotesafrica quoteslevel quotesindividuals quotesviolence quotescleansing quotesforce quotesfrees quotesnative quotesinferiority quotescomplex quotesdespair quotesinaction quotesmakes quotesfearless quotesrestores quotesselfrespect quotes
Taking the continent as a whole, this religious tension may be responsible for the revival of the commonest racial feeling. Africa is divided into Black and White, and the names that are substituted- Africa south of the Sahara, Africa north of the Sahara- do not manage to hide this latent racism. Here, it is affirmed that White Africa has a thousand-year-old tradition of culture; that she is Mediterranean, that she is a continuation of Europe and that she shares in Graeco-Latin civilization. Black Africa is looked on as a region that is inert, brutal, uncivilized - in a word, savage.
taking quotescontinent quotesreligious quotestension quotesresponsible quotesrevival quotescommonest quotesracial quotesfeeling quotesafrica quotesdivided quotesblack quoteswhite quotesnames quotessubstituted quotessouth quotessahara quotesnorth quotessahara quotesmanage quoteshide quoteslatent quotesracism quotesaffirmed quoteswhite quotesthousandyearold quotestradition quotesculture quotesmediterranean quotescontinuation quoteseurope quotesshares quotesgraecolatin quotescivilization quoteslooked quotesregion quotesinert quotesbrutal quotesuncivilized quotesword quotessavage quotes
Sometimes people hold a core belief that is very strong. When they are presented with evidence that works against that belief, the new evidence cannot be accepted. It would create a feeling that is extremely uncomfortable, called cognitive dissonance. And because it is so important to protect the core belief, they will rationalize, ignore and even deny anything that doesn't fit in with the core belief.
people quoteshold quotescore quotesbelief quotesstrong quotespresented quotesevidence quotesworks quotesbelief quotesaccepted quotescreate quotesfeeling quotesextremely quotesuncomfortable quotescalled quotescognitive quotesdissonance quotesimportant quotesprotect quotesrationalize quotesignore quotesdeny quotesfit quotesbelief quotes
Today everyone on our side knows that criminality is not the result of the Algerian's congenital nature nor the configuration of his nervous system. The war in Algeria and wars of national liberation bring out the true protagonists. We have demonstrated that in the colonial situation the colonized are confronted with themselves. They tend to use each other as a screen. Each prevents his neighbor from seeing the national enemy. And when exhausted after a sixteen-hour day of hard work the colonized subject collapses on his mat and a child on the other side of the canvas partition cries and prevents him from sleeping, it just so happens it's a little Algerian. When he goes to beg for a little semolina or a little oil from the shopkeeper to whom he already owes several hundred francs and his request is turned down, he is overwhelmed by an intense hatred and desire to kill-and the shopkeeper happens to be an Algerian. When, after weeks of keeping a low profile, he finds himself cornered one day by the kaid demanding "his taxes, " he is not even allowed the opportunity to direct his hatred against the European administrator; before him stands the kaid who excites his hatred-and he happens to be an Algerian.
today quotesside quotescriminality quotesresult quotesalgerians quotescongenital quotesnature quotesconfiguration quotesnervous quotessystem quoteswar quotesalgeria quoteswars quotesnational quotesliberation quotesbring quotestrue quotesprotagonists quotesdemonstrated quotescolonial quotessituation quotescolonized quotesconfronted quotestend quotesscreen quotesprevents quotesneighbor quotesenemy quotesexhausted quotessixteenhour quotesday quoteshard quoteswork quotessubject quotescollapses quotesmat quoteschild quotescanvas quotespartition quotescries quotessleeping quotesalgerian quotesbeg quotessemolina quotesoil quotesshopkeeper quotesowes quoteshundred quotesfrancs quotesrequest quotesturned quotesoverwhelmed quotesintense quoteshatred quotesdesire quoteskilland quotesweeks quoteskeeping quoteslow quotesprofile quotesfinds quotescornered quoteskaid quotesdemanding quotestaxes quotesallowed quotesopportunity quotesdirect quoteseuropean quotesadministrator quotesstands quotesexcites quoteshatredand quotes
To speak pidgin to a Negro makes him angry, because he himself is a pidgin-nigger-talker. But, I will be told, there is no wish, no intention to anger him. I grant this; but it is just this absence of wish, this lack of interest, this indifference, this automatic manner of classifying him, imprisoning him, primitivizing him, decivilizing him, that makes him angry. If a man who speaks pidgin to a man of color or an Arab does not see anything wrong or evil in such behavior, it is because he has never stopped to think.
speak quotespidgin quotesnegro quotesmakes quotesangry quotespidginniggertalker quotestold quotesintention quotesanger quotesgrant quotesabsence quoteslack quotesinterest quotesindifference quotesautomatic quotesmanner quotesclassifying quotesimprisoning quotesprimitivizing quotesdecivilizing quotesangry quotesman quotesspeaks quotescolor quotesarab quoteswrong quotesevil quotesbehavior quotesstopped quotes
As I begin to recognise that the Negro is the symbol of sin, I catch myself hating the Negro. But then I recognise that I am a Negro. There are two ways out of this conflict. Either I ask others to pay no attention to my skin, or else I want them to be aware of it. I try then to find value for what is bad-since I have unthinkingly conceded that the black man is the colour of evil. In order to terminate this neurotic situation, in which I am compelled to choose an unhealthy, conflictual solution, fed on fantasies, hostile, inhuman in short, I have only one solution: to rise above this absurd drama that others have staged around me, to reject the two terms that are equally unacceptable, and through one human being, to reach out for the universal. When the Negro dives-in other words, goes under-something remarkable occurs.
begin quotesrecognise quotesnegro quotessymbol quotessin quotescatch quoteshating quotesnegro quotesways quotesconflict quotespay quotesattention quotesskin quotesaware quotesfind quotesbadsince quotesunthinkingly quotesconceded quotesblack quotesman quotescolour quotesevil quotesorder quotesterminate quotesneurotic quotessituation quotescompelled quoteschoose quotesunhealthy quotesconflictual quotessolution quotesfed quotesfantasies quoteshostile quotesinhuman quotesshort quotessolution quotesrise quotesabsurd quotesdrama quotesstaged quotesreject quotesterms quotesequally quotesunacceptable quoteshuman quotesreach quotesuniversal quotesdivesin quoteswords quotesundersomething quotesremarkable quotesoccurs quotes
In the colonial countries, on the contrary, the policeman and the soldier, by their immediate presence and their frequent and direct action maintain contact with the native and advise him by means of rifle butts and napalm not to budge. It is obvious here that the agents of government speak the language of pure force
colonial quotescountries quotescontrary quotespoliceman quotessoldier quotespresence quotesfrequent quotesdirect quotesaction quotesmaintain quotescontact quotesnative quotesadvise quotesmeans quotesrifle quotesbutts quotesnapalm quotesbudge quotesobvious quotesagents quotesgovernment quotesspeak quoteslanguage quotespure quotesforce quotes
Colinialism hardly ever exploits the whole of a country. It contents itself with bringing to light the natrual resources, which it extracts, and exports to meet the needs of the mother country's industries, thereby allowing certain sectors of the colony to become relatively rich. But the rest of the colony follows its path of under-development and poverty, or at all events sinks into it more deeply.
colinialism quotesexploits quotescountry quotescontents quotesbringing quoteslight quotesnatrual quotesresources quotesextracts quotesexports quotesmeet quotesmother quotescountrys quotesindustries quotesallowing quotessectors quotescolony quotesrich quotesrest quotespath quotesunderdevelopment quotespoverty quotesevents quotessinks quotesdeeply quotes
The claim to a national culture in the past does not only rehabilitate that nation and serve as a justification for the hope of a future national culture. In the sphere of psycho-affective equilibrium it is responsible for an important change in the native. Perhaps we haven't sufficiently demonstrated that colonialism is not satisfied merely with holding a people in its grip and emptying the native's brain of all form and content. By a kind of perverted logic, it turns to the past of the oppressed people, and distorts, disfigures, and destroys it. This work of devaluing pre-colonial history takes on a dialectical significance today.
claim quotesnational quotesculture quotespast quotesrehabilitate quotesnation quotesserve quotesjustification quoteshope quotesfuture quotesculture quotessphere quotespsychoaffective quotesequilibrium quotesresponsible quotesimportant quoteschange quotesnative quotessufficiently quotesdemonstrated quotescolonialism quotessatisfied quotesholding quotespeople quotesgrip quotesemptying quotesnatives quotesbrain quotesform quotescontent quoteskind quotesperverted quoteslogic quotesturns quotesoppressed quotespeople quotesdistorts quotesdisfigures quotesdestroys quoteswork quotesdevaluing quotesprecolonial quoteshistory quotestakes quotesdialectical quotessignificance quotestoday quotes
At first glance it seems strange that the attitude of the anti-Semite can be equated with that of the negrophobe. It was my philosophy teacher from the Antilles who reminded me one day: 'When you hear someone insulting the Jews pay attention; he is talking about you.' And I believed at the time he was universally right, meaning that I was responsible in my body and my soul for the fate reserved for my brother. Since then, I have understood that what he meant quite simply was the anti-Semite is inevitably a negrophobe.
glance quotesstrange quotesattitude quotesantisemite quotesequated quotesnegrophobe quotesphilosophy quotesteacher quotesantilles quotesreminded quotesday quoteswhen quoteshear quotesinsulting quotesjews quotespay quotesattention quotestalking quotesyou quotesbelieved quotestime quotesuniversally quotesmeaning quotesresponsible quotesbody quotessoul quotesfate quotesreserved quotesbrother quotesunderstood quotesmeant quotessimply quotesinevitably quotes
And it is clear that in the colonial countries the peasants alone are revolutionary, for they have nothing to lose and everything to gain. The starving peasant, outside the class system is the first among the exploited to discover that only violence pays. For him there is no compromise, no possible coming to terms; colonization and decolonization a simply a question of relative strength.
clear quotescolonial quotescountries quotespeasants quotesrevolutionary quoteslose quotesgain quotesstarving quotespeasant quotesclass quotessystem quotesexploited quotesdiscover quotesviolence quotespays quotescompromise quotescoming quotesterms quotescolonization quotesdecolonization quotessimply quotesquestion quotesrelative quotesstrength quotes
Collective guilt is borne by what is conventionally called the scapegoat. Now the scapegoat for white society - which is based on myths of progress, civilization, liberalism, education, enlightenment, refinement - will be precisely the force that opposes the expansion and the triumph of these myths. This brutal opposing force is supplied by the Negro.
collective quotesguilt quotesborne quotesconventionally quotescalled quotesscapegoat quotesscapegoat quoteswhite quotessociety quotesbased quotesmyths quotesprogress quotescivilization quotesliberalism quoteseducation quotesenlightenment quotesrefinement quotesprecisely quotesforce quotesopposes quotesexpansion quotestriumph quotesmyths quotesbrutal quotesopposing quotessupplied quotesnegro quotes
The settler makes history and is conscious of making it. And because he constantly refers to the history of his mother country, he clearly indicates that he himself is the extension of that mother country. Thus the history which he writes is not the history of the country which he plunders but the history of his own nation in regard to all that she skims off, all that she violates and starves.
When a bachelor of philosophy from the Antilles refuses to apply for certification as a teacher on the grounds of his color I say that philosophy has never saved anyone. When someone else strives and strains to prove to me that black men are as intelligent as white men I say that intelligence has never saved anyone: and that is true, for, if philosophy and intelligence are invoked to proclaim the equality of men, they have also been employed to justify the extermination of men.
bachelor quotesphilosophy quotesantilles quotesrefuses quotesapply quotescertification quotesteacher quotesgrounds quotescolor quotessaved quotesstrives quotesstrains quotesprove quotesblack quotesmen quotesintelligent quoteswhite quotesintelligence quotestrue quotesinvoked quotesproclaim quotesequality quotesmen quotesemployed quotesjustify quotesextermination quotesmen quotes
Negrophobes exist. It is not hatred of the Negro, however, that motivates them; they lack the courage for that, or they have lost it. Hate is not inborn; it has to be constantly cultivated, to be brought into being, in conflict with more or less recognized guilt complexes. Hate demands existence and he who hates has to show his hate in appropriate actions and behavior; in a sense, he has to become hate. That is why Americans have substituted discrimination for lynching. Each to his own side of the street.
negrophobes quotesexist quoteshatred quotesnegro quotesmotivates quoteslack quotescourage quoteslost quoteshate quotesinborn quotesconstantly quotescultivated quotesbrought quotesconflict quotesrecognized quotesguilt quotescomplexes quotesdemands quotesexistence quoteshates quotesshow quoteshate quotesactions quotesbehavior quotessense quoteshate quotesamericans quotessubstituted quotesdiscrimination quoteslynching quotesside quotesstreet quotes
What I call middle-class society is any society that becomes rigidified in predetermined forms, forbidding all evolution, all gains, all progress, all discovery. I call middle-class a closed society in which life has no taste, in which the air is tainted, in which ideas and men are corrupt. And I think that a man who takes a stand against this death is in a sense a revolutionary.
call quotesmiddleclass quotessociety quotesrigidified quotespredetermined quotesforms quotesforbidding quotesevolution quotesgains quotesprogress quotesdiscovery quotesclosed quoteslife quotestaste quotesair quotestainted quotesideas quotesmen quotescorrupt quotesman quotestakes quotesstand quotesdeath quotessense quotesrevolutionary quotes
The basic confrontation which seemed to be colonialism versus anti-colonialism, indeed capitalism versus socialism, is already losing its importance. What matters today, the issue which blocks the horizon, is the need for a redistribution of wealth. Humanity will have to address this question, no matter how devastating the consequences may be.
basic quotesconfrontation quotescolonialism quotesversus quotesanticolonialism quotescapitalism quotessocialism quoteslosing quotesimportance quotesmatters quotestoday quotesissue quotesblocks quoteshorizon quotesredistribution quoteswealth quoteshumanity quotesaddress quotesquestion quotesmatter quotesdevastating quotesconsequences quotes
Capitalist exploitation and cartels and monopolies are the enemies of underdeveloped countries. On the other hand a regime which is completely oriented towards the people as a whole and based on the principle that man is the most precious of all possessions, will allow us to go forward more quickly and more harmoniously, and thus make impossible that caricature of society where all economic and political power is held in the hands of a few who regard the nation as a whole with scorn and contempt.
capitalist quotesexploitation quotescartels quotesmonopolies quotesenemies quotesunderdeveloped quotescountries quoteshand quotesregime quotescompletely quotesoriented quotespeople quotesbased quotesprinciple quotesman quotesprecious quotespossessions quotesforward quotesquickly quotesharmoniously quotesmake quotesimpossible quotescaricature quotessociety quoteseconomic quotespolitical quotespower quotesheld quoteshands quotesregard quotesnation quotesscorn quotescontempt quotes
I am black; I am in total fusion with the world, in sympathetic affinity with the earth, losing my id in the heart of the cosmos -- and the white man, however intelligent he may be, is incapable of understanding Louis Armstrong or songs from the Congo. I am black, not because of a curse, but because my skin has been able to capture all the cosmic effluvia. I am truly a drop of sun under the earth.
black quotestotal quotesfusion quotesworld quotessympathetic quotesaffinity quotesearth quoteslosing quotesid quotesheart quotescosmos quoteswhite quotesman quotesintelligent quotesincapable quotesunderstanding quoteslouis quotesarmstrong quotessongs quotescongo quotesblack quotescurse quotesskin quotescapture quotescosmic quoteseffluvia quotesdrop quotessun quotesearth quotes