It has been said that the three great develpments in twentieth century science are relativity, quantum mechanics, and chaos. That strikes me the same as saying that the three great developments in twentith century engineering are the airplane, the computer, and the pop-top aluminum can. Chaos and fractals are not even twentieth century ideas: chaos was first observed by Poincare and fractals were familiar to Cantor a century ago, although neither man had the computer at his disposal to show the rest of the world the beauty he was seeing.

**Robert L. Devaney**

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maybe-relationships-could-have-fractals-too-and-maybe-sense-loss-was-when-youre-becoming-fractal-what-you-once-were-to-each-other-david-levithan

you-were-are-cactus-tourism-meeting-you-granular-fractals-borrowed-from-oceans-virginia-petrucci

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The existence of these patterns [fractals] challenges us to study forms that Euclid leaves aside as being formless, to investigate the morphology of the amorphous. Mathematicians have disdained this challenge, however, and have increasingly chosen to flee from nature by devising theories unrelated to anything we can see or feel.

**Benoit Mandelbrot**

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You existed. You existed now as a fractal. Definition: A fractal is generally a rough or fragmented geometric shape that can be broken into parts, each of which is (at least approximately) a reduced-size copy of the whole. Maybe I was a fractal. Maybe the photographer was a fractal. Maybe we were all fractals.

**David Levithan**

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Though blessed with the enviable properties of a mink coat-graceful, unreasonable, and impractical no matter what she was draped over-she was nevertheless one of those people whose personality proved to be the bane of modern mathematicians. She was neither a flat nor solid shape. She showed no symmetry at all. Trigonometry, Calculus and Statistics all proved useless. Her Pie Chart was a muddle of arbitrary wedges, her Line Graph, the silhouette of the Alps. And just when one listed her under Chaos Theory-Butterfly Effects, Weather Predictions, Fractals, Bifurcation diagrams and whatnot-she showed up as an equilateral triangle, sometimes even a square.

**Marisha Pessl**

though-blessed-with-enviable-properties-mink-coatgraceful-unreasonable-impractical-no-matter-what-she-was-draped-overshe-was-nevertheless-one-those-people-whose-personality-prove