I've tried to show in my most recent book, the 'Irresistible Fairytale', that in order to talk about any genre, particularly what we call simple genre - a myth, a legend, an anecdote, a tall tale, and so on - we really have to understand something about the origin of stories all together.
show quotesrecent quotesbook quotesirresistible quotesfairytale quotesorder quotestalk quotesgenre quotescall quotessimple quotesgenre quotesmyth quoteslegend quotesanecdote quotestall quotestale quotesunderstand quotesorigin quotesstories quotes
APAJack Zipes Quotes. (n.d.). Jar of Quotes. Retrieved , from JarofQuotes.com Web site: https://www.jarofquotes.com/view.php?id=ive-tried-to-show-in-my-most-recent-book-irresistible-fairytale-that-in-order-to-talk-about-any-genre-particularly-what-we-call-simple-genre-myth-legend-anecdote-tall-tale-on-we-
ChicagoJack Zipes Quotes. Jar of Quotes, 2019. https://www.jarofquotes.com/view.php?id=ive-tried-to-show-in-my-most-recent-book-irresistible-fairytale-that-in-order-to-talk-about-any-genre-particularly-what-we-call-simple-genre-myth-legend-anecdote-tall-tale-on-we-, accessed .
MLA"Jack Zipes Quotes." Jar of Quotes, 2019. . https://www.jarofquotes.com/view.php?id=ive-tried-to-show-in-my-most-recent-book-irresistible-fairytale-that-in-order-to-talk-about-any-genre-particularly-what-we-call-simple-genre-myth-legend-anecdote-tall-tale-on-we-
fairy quotestale quotesemanates quotesspecific quotesstruggles quoteshumanize quotesbestial quotesbarbaric quotesforces quotesterrorized quotesminds quotescommunities quotesconcrete quotesways quotesthreatening quotesdestroy quotesfree quoteshuman quotescompassion quotessets quotesconquer quotesterror quotesmetaphors quotes
fairy quotestales quotesbeginning quotesrecorded quotestime quotesearlier quotesa quotesmeans quotesconquer quotesterrors quotesmankind quotesmetaphor quotes
Inevitably they find their way into the forest. It is there that they lose and find themselves. It is there that they gain a sense of what is to be done. The forest is always large, immense, great and mysterious. No one ever gains power over the forest, but the forest posses the power to change lives and alter destinies.
inevitably quotesfind quotesforest quoteslose quotesgain quotessense quotesforest quoteslarge quotesimmense quotesgreat quotesmysterious quotesgains quotespower quotesforest quotesposses quoteschange quoteslives quotesalter quotesdestinies quotes
beautiful quotesgolden quotesstrewn quotespearls quotespeople quoteslive quotesmisfortune quotesdark quotespower quotesmonstrous quotescannibalistic quotesgiant quotesvanquished quotesgood quoteswoman quoteshappily quotesavert quotesdisaster quotesstands quotesready quotes
The very name of the genre itself - fairy tale - originated during this time, for the French writers coined the term conte de fee during the seventeenth century, and it has stuck to the genre in Europe and North America ever since. This "imprint" is important, because it reveals something crucial about the fairy tale that has remained part of its nature to the present. The early writers of fairy tales placed the power of metamorphosis in the hands of women - the redoubtable fairies. In addition, this miraculous power was not associated with a particular religion or mythology, through which the world was to be explained. It was a secular mysterious power of compassion that could not be explained, and it derived from the creative imagination of the writer. Anyone could call upon the fairies for help, and it is clear that the gifted French women writers of the seventeenth century preferred to address themselves to a fairy and to have a fairy resolve the conflicts in their tales rather than the Church, with its male-dominated hierarchy. After all, it was the Church that had eliminated hundreds of thousands of so-called female witches during the previous two centuries in an effort to curb heretical and nonconformist beliefs. However, those "pagan" notions survived in the tradition of the oral wonder tale and surfaced in published form in France when it became safer to introduce in a symbolical code supernatural powers and creatures other than those officially sanctioned by the Christian code. In short, there was something subversive about the institutionalization of the fairy tale in France during the 1690S, for it enabled writers to create a dialogue about norms, manners, and power that evaded court censorship and freed the fantasy of the writers and readers, while at the same time paying tribute to the French code of civilite and the majesty of the aristocracy. Once certain discursive paradigms and conventions were established, a writer could demonstrate his or her "genius" by rearranging, expanding, deepening, and playing with the known functions of a genre that, by 1715, had already formed a type of canon, which consisted not only of the great classical tales-"Cinderella, " "Sleeping Beauty, " "Rapunzel, " "Rumpelstiltskin, " "Puss in Boots, " "Little Red Riding Hood, " "Beauty and the Beast, " "Blue beard, " "The Golden Dwarf, " "The Blue Bird, " and "The White Cat"-but also the mammoth collection The Arabian Nights.
genre quotesfairy quotestale quotesoriginated quotestime quotesfrench quoteswriters quotescoined quotesterm quotesconte quotesde quotesfee quotesseventeenth quotescentury quotesstuck quoteseurope quotesnorth quotesamerica quotesimprint quotesimportant quotesreveals quotescrucial quotesremained quotespart quotesnature quotespresent quotesearly quotestales quotespower quotesmetamorphosis quoteshands quoteswomen quotesredoubtable quotesfairies quotesaddition quotesmiraculous quotesreligion quotesmythology quotesworld quotesexplained quotessecular quotesmysterious quotescompassion quotesexplained quotesderived quotescreative quotesimagination quoteswriter quotescall quotesfairies quotesclear quotesgifted quotescentury quotespreferred quotesaddress quotesresolve quotesconflicts quoteschurch quotesmaledominated quoteshierarchy quoteschurch quoteseliminated quoteshundreds quotesthousands quotessocalled quotesfemale quoteswitches quotesprevious quotescenturies quoteseffort quotescurb quotesheretical quotesnonconformist quotesbeliefs quotespagan quotesnotions quotessurvived quotestradition quotesoral quotessurfaced quotespublished quotesform quotesfrance quotessafer quotesintroduce quotessymbolical quotescode quotessupernatural quotespowers quotescreatures quotesofficially quotessanctioned quoteschristian quotescode quotesshort quotessubversive quotesinstitutionalization quotes1690s quotesenabled quotescreate quotesdialogue quotesnorms quotesmanners quotesevaded quotescourt quotescensorship quotesfreed quotesfantasy quotesreaders quotestime quotespaying quotestribute quotescivilite quotesmajesty quotesaristocracy quotesdiscursive quotesparadigms quotesconventions quotesestablished quoteswriter quotesdemonstrate quotesgenius quotesrearranging quotesexpanding quotesdeepening quotesplaying quotesfunctions quotes1715 quotesformed quotestype quotescanon quotesconsisted quotesgreat quotesclassical quotestalescinderella quotessleeping quotesbeauty quotesrapunzel quotesrumpelstiltskin quotespuss quotesboots quotesred quotesriding quoteshood quotesbeauty quotesbeast quotesblue quotesbeard quotesgolden quotesdwarf quotesblue quotesbird quoteswhite quotescatbut quotesmammoth quotescollection quotesarabian quotesnights quotes
As the literary fairy tale spread in France to every age group and every social class, it began to serve different functions, depending on the writer's interests. It represented the glory and ideology of the French aristocracy. It provided a symbolic critique, with utopian connotations, of the aristocratic hierarchy, largely within the aristocracy itself and from the female viewpoint. It introduced the norms and values of the bourgeois civilizing process as more reasonable and egalitarian than the feudal code. As a divertissement for the aristocracy and bourgeoisie, the fairy tale diverted the attention of listeners/readers from the serious sociopolitical problems of the times, compensating for the deprivations that the upper classes perceived themselves to be suffering. There was also an element of self-parody, revealing the ridiculous notions in previous fairy tales and representing another aspect of court society to itself; such parodies can be seen in Jacques Cazotte's "A Thousand and One Follies" (1746), Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "The Queen Fantasque" (1758), and Voltaire's "The White Bull" (1774). Finally, fairy tales with clear didactic and moral lessons were approved as reading matter to serve as a subtle, more pleasurable means of initiating children into the class rituals and customs that reinforced the status quo.
literary quotesfairy quotestale quotesspread quotesfrance quotesage quotesgroup quotessocial quotesclass quotesbegan quotesserve quotesfunctions quotesdepending quoteswriters quotesinterests quotesrepresented quotesglory quotesideology quotesfrench quotesaristocracy quotesprovided quotessymbolic quotescritique quotesutopian quotesconnotations quotesaristocratic quoteshierarchy quoteslargely quotesaristocracy quotesfemale quotesviewpoint quotesintroduced quotesnorms quotesvalues quotesbourgeois quotescivilizing quotesprocess quotesreasonable quotesegalitarian quotesfeudal quotescode quotesdivertissement quotesbourgeoisie quotesdiverted quotesattention quoteslistenersreaders quotessociopolitical quotesproblems quotestimes quotescompensating quotesdeprivations quotesupper quotesclasses quotesperceived quotessuffering quoteselement quotesselfparody quotesrevealing quotesridiculous quotesnotions quotesprevious quotestales quotesrepresenting quotesaspect quotescourt quotessociety quotesparodies quotesjacques quotescazottes quotesthousand quotesfollies quotes1746 quotesjeanjacques quotesrousseaus quotesqueen quotesfantasque quotes1758 quotesvoltaires quoteswhite quotesbull quotes1774 quotesfinally quotesclear quotesdidactic quotesmoral quoteslessons quotesapproved quotesreading quotesmatter quotessubtle quotespleasurable quotesmeans quotesinitiating quoteschildren quotesclass quotesrituals quotescustoms quotesreinforced quotesstatus quotesquo quotes
It was only as part of the civilizing process that storytelling developed within the aristocratic and bourgeois homes, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries through governesses and nannies, and later in the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries through mothers, who told bedtime stories.
part quotescivilizing quotesprocess quotesstorytelling quotesdeveloped quotesaristocratic quotesbourgeois quoteshomes quotesseventeenth quoteseighteenth quotescenturies quotesgovernesses quotesnannies quotesnineteenth quotesmothers quotestold quotesbedtime quotesstories quotes
It has generally been assumed that fairy tales were first created for children and are largely the domain of children. But nothing could be further from the truth. From the very beginning, thousands of years ago, when tales were told to create communal bonds in face of the inexplicable forces of nature, to the present, when fairy tales are written and told to provide hope in a world seemingly on the brink of catastrophe, mature men and women have been the creators and cultivators of the fairy tale tradition. When introduced to fairy tales, children welcome them mainly because they nurture their great desire for change and independence. On the whole, the literary fairy tale has become an established genre within a process of Western civilization that cuts across all ages. Even though numerous critics and shamans have mystified and misinterpreted the fairy tale because of their spiritual quest for universal archetypes or their need to save the world through therapy, both the oral and the literary forms of the fairy tale are grounded in history: they emanate from specific struggles to humanize bestial and barbaric forces, which have terrorized our minds and communities in concrete ways, threatening to destroy free will and human compassion. The fairy tale sets out to conquer this concrete terror through metaphors.
generally quotesassumed quotesfairy quotestales quotescreated quoteschildren quoteslargely quotesdomain quoteschildren quotestruth quotesbeginning quotesthousands quotesyears quotesago quotestold quotescreate quotescommunal quotesbonds quotesface quotesinexplicable quotesforces quotesnature quotespresent quoteswritten quotesprovide quoteshope quotesworld quotesseemingly quotesbrink quotescatastrophe quotesmature quotesmen quoteswomen quotescreators quotescultivators quotestale quotestradition quotesintroduced quotestales quotesnurture quotesgreat quotesdesire quoteschange quotesindependence quotesliterary quotesestablished quotesgenre quotesprocess quoteswestern quotescivilization quotescuts quotesages quotesnumerous quotescritics quotesshamans quotesmystified quotesmisinterpreted quotesspiritual quotesquest quotesuniversal quotesarchetypes quotessave quotestherapy quotesoral quotesforms quotesgrounded quoteshistory quotesemanate quotesspecific quotesstruggles quoteshumanize quotesbestial quotesbarbaric quotesforces quotesterrorized quotesminds quotescommunities quotesconcrete quotesways quotesthreatening quotesdestroy quotesfree quoteshuman quotescompassion quotessets quotesconquer quotesterror quotesmetaphors quotes
Ultimately, the definition of both the wonder tale and the fairy tale, which derives from it, depends on the manner in which a narrator/author arranges known functions of a tale aesthetically and ideologically to induce wonder and then transmits the tale as a whole according to customary usage of a society in a given historical period. The first stage for the literary fairy tale involved a kind of class and perhaps even gender appropriation. The voices of the nonliterate tellers were submerged, and since women in most cases were not allowed to be scribes, the tales were scripted according to male dictates or fantasies, even though they may have been told by women. Put crudely, it could be said that the literary appropriation of the oral wonder tales served the hegemonic interests of males within the upper classes of particular communities and societies, and to a great extent this is true. However, such a statement must be qualified, for the writing down of the tales also preserved a great deal of the value system of those deprived of power. And the more the literary fairy tale was cultivated and developed, the more it became individualized and varied by intellectuals and artists, who often sympathized with those society marginalized or were marginalized themselves. The literary fairy tale allowed for new possibilities of subversion in the written word and in print, and therefore it was always looked upon with misgivings by the governing authorities in the civilization process.
ultimately quotesdefinition quotestale quotesfairy quotestale quotesderives quotesdepends quotesmanner quotesnarratorauthor quotesarranges quotesfunctions quotesaesthetically quotesideologically quotesinduce quotestransmits quotescustomary quotesusage quotessociety quoteshistorical quotesperiod quotesstage quotesliterary quotesinvolved quoteskind quotesclass quotesgender quotesappropriation quotesvoices quotesnonliterate quotestellers quotessubmerged quoteswomen quotescases quotesallowed quotesscribes quotestales quotesscripted quotesmale quotesdictates quotesfantasies quotestold quoteswomen quotesput quotescrudely quotesappropriation quotesoral quotesserved quoteshegemonic quotesinterests quotesmales quotesupper quotesclasses quotescommunities quotessocieties quotesgreat quotesextent quotestrue quotesstatement quotesqualified quoteswriting quotespreserved quotesdeal quotessystem quotesdeprived quotespower quotescultivated quotesdeveloped quotesindividualized quotesvaried quotesintellectuals quotesartists quotessympathized quotesmarginalized quotespossibilities quotessubversion quoteswritten quotesword quotesprint quoteslooked quotesmisgivings quotesgoverning quotesauthorities quotescivilization quotesprocess quotes
The literary fairy tale became an acceptable social symbolic form through which conventionalized motifs, characters, and plots were selected, composed, arranged, and rearranged to comment on the civilizing process and to keep alive the possibility of miraculous change and a sense of wonderment.
literary quotesfairy quotestale quotesacceptable quotessocial quotessymbolic quotesform quotesconventionalized quotesmotifs quotescharacters quotesplots quotesselected quotescomposed quotesarranged quotesrearranged quotescomment quotescivilizing quotesprocess quotesalive quotespossibility quotesmiraculous quoteschange quotessense quoteswonderment quotes
Rarely do wonder tales end unhappily. They triumph over death. The tale begins with "Once upon a time" or "Once there was" and never really ends when it ends. The ending is actually the beginning. The once upon a time is not a past designation but futuristic: the timelessness of the tale and its lack of geographical specificity endow it with utopian connotations - "utopia" in its original meaning designated "no place, " a place that no one had ever envisaged. We form and keep the utopian kernel of the tale safe in our imaginations with hope. The significance of the paradigmatic functions of the wonder tale is that they facilitate recall for teller and listeners. They enable us to store, remember, and reproduce the utopian spirit of the tale and to change it to fit our experiences and desires, owing to the easily identifiable characters who are associated with particular assignments and settings... The characters, settings, and motifs are combined and varied according to specific functions to induce wonder, It is this sense of wonder that distinguished the wonder tales from such other oral tales as the legend, the fable, the anecdote, and the myth; it is clearly the sense of wonder that distinguishes the literary fairy tale from the moral story, novella, sentimental tale, and other modern short literary genres. Wonder causes astonishment, and as manifested in a marvelous object or phenomenon, it is often regarded as a supernatural occurrence and can be an omen or a portent, It gives rise to admiration, fear, awe, and reverence. The Oxford Universal Dictionary states that wonder is "the emotion excited by the perception of something novel and unexpected, or inexplicable; astonishment mingled with perplexity or bewildered curiosity." In the oral wonder tale, we are to wonder about the workings of the universe, where anything can happen at any time, and these happy or fortuitous events are never to be explained. Nor do the characters demand an explanation - they are opportunistic, are encouraged to be so, and if they do not take advantage of the opportunity that will benefit them in their relations with others, they are either dumb or mean-spirited. The tales seek to awaken our regard for the miraculous condition of life and to evoke in a religious sense profound feelings of awe and respect for life as a miraculous process, which can be altered and changed to compensate for the lack of power, wealth, and pleasure that is most people's lot. Lack, deprivation, prohibition, and interdiction motivate people to look for signs of fulfillment and emancipation. In the wonder tales, those who are naive and simple are able to succeed because they are untainted and can recognize the wondrous signs. They have retained their belief in the miraculous condition of nature, revere nature in all its aspects. They have hot been spoiled by conventionalism, power, or rationalism. In contrast to the humble characters, the villains are those who use words intentionally to exploit, control, transfix, incarcerate, and destroy for their benefit. They have no respect or consideration for nature and other human beings, and they actually seek to abuse magic by preventing change and causing everything to be transfixed according to their interests. Enchantment equals petrification. Breaking the spell equals emancipation. The wondrous protagonist wants to keep the process of natural change flowing and indicates possibilities for overcoming the obstacles that prevent other characters or creatures from living in a peaceful and pleasurable way.
rarely quotestales quotesend quotesunhappily quotestriumph quotesdeath quotestale quotesbegins quotestime quotesends quotesends quotesending quotesbeginning quotestime quotespast quotesdesignation quotesfuturistic quotestimelessness quoteslack quotesgeographical quotesspecificity quotesendow quotesutopian quotesconnotations quotesutopia quotesoriginal quotesmeaning quotesdesignated quotesplace quotesplace quotesenvisaged quotesform quoteskernel quotessafe quotesimaginations quoteshope quotessignificance quotesparadigmatic quotesfunctions quotesfacilitate quotesrecall quotesteller quoteslisteners quotesenable quotesstore quotesremember quotesreproduce quotesspirit quoteschange quotesfit quotesexperiences quotesdesires quotesowing quoteseasily quotesidentifiable quotescharacters quotesassignments quotessettings quotescharacters quotessettings quotesmotifs quotescombined quotesvaried quotesspecific quotesinduce quotessense quotesdistinguished quotesoral quoteslegend quotesfable quotesanecdote quotesmyth quotesdistinguishes quotesliterary quotesfairy quotesmoral quotesstory quotesnovella quotessentimental quotestale quotesmodern quotesshort quotesgenres quotesastonishment quotesmanifested quotesmarvelous quotesobject quotesphenomenon quotesregarded quotessupernatural quotesoccurrence quotesomen quotesportent quotesrise quotesadmiration quotesfear quotesawe quotesreverence quotesoxford quotesuniversal quotesdictionary quotesstates quotesemotion quotesexcited quotesperception quotesunexpected quotesinexplicable quotesastonishment quotesmingled quotesperplexity quotesbewildered quotescuriosity quotesworkings quotesuniverse quoteshappen quotestime quoteshappy quotesfortuitous quotesevents quotesexplained quotesdemand quotesexplanation quotesopportunistic quotesencouraged quotesadvantage quotesopportunity quotesbenefit quotesrelations quotesdumb quotesmeanspirited quotesseek quotesawaken quotesregard quotesmiraculous quotescondition quoteslife quotesevoke quotesreligious quotesprofound quotesfeelings quotesawe quotesrespect quotesprocess quotesaltered quoteschanged quotescompensate quotespower quoteswealth quotespleasure quotespeoples quoteslot quoteslack quotesdeprivation quotesprohibition quotesinterdiction quotesmotivate quotespeople quotessigns quotesfulfillment quotesemancipation quotestales quotesnaive quotessimple quotessucceed quotesuntainted quotesrecognize quoteswondrous quotessigns quotesretained quotesbelief quotesnature quotesrevere quotesnature quotesaspects quoteshot quotesspoiled quotesconventionalism quotesrationalism quotescontrast quoteshumble quotesvillains quoteswords quotesintentionally quotesexploit quotescontrol quotestransfix quotesincarcerate quotesdestroy quotesbenefit quotesconsideration quoteshuman quotesbeings quotesabuse quotesmagic quotespreventing quotescausing quotestransfixed quotesinterests quotesenchantment quotesequals quotespetrification quotesbreaking quotesspell quotesprotagonist quotesprocess quotesnatural quotesflowing quotespossibilities quotesovercoming quotesobstacles quotesprevent quotescreatures quotesliving quotespeaceful quotespleasurable quotes
Fairy tales begin with conflict because we all begin our lives with conflict. We are all misfit for the world, and somehow we must fit in, fit in with other people, and thus we must invent or find the means through communication to satisfy as well as resolve conflicting desires and instincts.
fairy quotestales quotesbegin quotesconflict quoteslives quotesconflict quotesmisfit quotesworld quotesfit quotespeople quotesinvent quotesfind quotesmeans quotescommunication quotessatisfy quotesresolve quotesconflicting quotesdesires quotesinstincts quotes
centuries quotestransformed quotesancient quotesmyths quotesfolk quotestales quotesmade quotesfabric quoteslives quotesconsciously quotesunconsciously quotesweave quotesnarratives quotesmyth quotestale quotesdaily quotesexistence quotes
Though Snow White might triumph in the tale, she will undoubtedly acquire a mirror after she marries, matures, and has children, and as the mirror reflects her aging and loss of beauty, she will be confronted by a young girl whose innocence and youth will spark her envy and hatred and perhaps drive her to eliminate her "competition." It appears as though there is a vicious cycle that entraps women up through today. Everything is played out under the male gaze.
snow quoteswhite quotestriumph quotestale quotesundoubtedly quotesacquire quotesmirror quotesmarries quotesmatures quoteschildren quotesreflects quotesaging quotesloss quotesbeauty quotesconfronted quotesyoung quotesgirl quotesinnocence quotesyouth quotesspark quotesenvy quoteshatred quotesdrive quoteseliminate quotescompetition quotesappears quotesvicious quotescycle quotesentraps quoteswomen quotestoday quotesplayed quotesmale quotesgaze quotes
time quotestime quoteshistory quotesknew quoteshappening quoteswalt quotesdisney quotescast quotesspell quotesfairy quotestale quotesheld quotescaptive quotes
What is most disturbing today is that we use rational methods to cultivate the tastes and values of the young in all kinds of educational, religious, and cultural institutions that are predicated on corporate practices and goals. Everything we do to, with, and for our children is influenced by capitalist market conditions and the hegemonic interests of ruling corporate elites. In simple terms, we calculate what is best for our children by regarding them as investments and turning them into commodities.
disturbing quotestoday quotesrational quotesmethods quotescultivate quotestastes quotesvalues quotesyoung quoteskinds quoteseducational quotesreligious quotescultural quotesinstitutions quotespredicated quotescorporate quotespractices quotesgoals quoteschildren quotesinfluenced quotescapitalist quotesmarket quotesconditions quoteshegemonic quotesinterests quotesruling quoteselites quotessimple quotesterms quotescalculate quotesinvestments quotesturning quotescommodities quotes
greeks quotesromans quotesconsidered quotesmyths quotesfairy quotestales quotesemanated quotescultures quoteshuge quotesinfluence quotesdevelopment quotesmodern quotestale quotes
grimm quotescollections quotesintended quoteschildren quoteskids quotesexcluded quotesdivision quotesmake quotestoday quoteschildrens quotesliterature quotesexist quotesidea quotesprotecting quoteschildren quotestales quotesviolence quotesoccur quotesearlier quotespart quotes19th quotescentury quotes