Redefining Quotes

Authors: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Categories: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Literature before the Renaissance had frequently offered ideal patterns for living which were dominated by the ethos of the church, but after the Reformation the search for individual expression and meaning took over. Institutions were questioned and re-evaluated, often while being praised at the same time. But where there had been conventional modes of expression, reflecting ideal modes of behaviour - religious, heroic, or social - Renaissance writing explored the geography of the human soul, redefining its relationship with authority, history, science, and the future. This involved experimentation with form and genre, and an enormous variety of linguistic and literary innovations in a short period of time. Reason, rather than religion, was the driving force in this search for rules to govern human behaviour in the Renaissance world. The power and mystique of religion had been overthrown in one bold stroke: where the marvellous no longer holds sway, real life has to provide explanations. Man, and the use he makes of his powers, capabilities, and free will, is thus the subject matter of Renaissance literature, from the early sonnets modelled on Petrarch to the English epic which closes the period, Paradise Lost, published after the Restoration, when the Renaissance had long finished. The Reformation gave cultural, philosophical, and ideological impetus to English Renaissance writing. The writers in the century following the Reformation had to explore and redefine all the concerns of humanity. In a world where old assumptions were no longer valid, where scientific discoveries questioned age-old hypotheses, and where man rather than God was the central interest, it was the writers who reflected and attempted to respond to the disintegration of former certainties. For it is when the universe is out of control that it is at its most frightening - and its most stimulating. There would never again be such an atmosphere of creative tension in the country. What was created was a language, a literature, and a national and international identity.

Ronald Carter
literature quotesrenaissance quotesfrequently quotesoffered quotesideal quotespatterns quotesliving quotesdominated quotesethos quoteschurch quotesreformation quotessearch quotesindividual quotesexpression quotesmeaning quotesinstitutions quotesquestioned quotesreevaluated quotespraised quotestime quotesconventional quotesmodes quotesexpression quotesreflecting quotesbehaviour quotesreligious quotesheroic quotessocial quoteswriting quotesexplored quotesgeography quoteshuman quotessoul quotesredefining quotesrelationship quotesauthority quoteshistory quotesscience quotesfuture quotesinvolved quotesexperimentation quotesform quotesgenre quotesenormous quotesvariety quoteslinguistic quotesliterary quotesinnovations quotesshort quotesperiod quotesreason quotesreligion quotesdriving quotesforce quotesrules quotesgovern quotesworld quotespower quotesmystique quotesreligion quotesoverthrown quotesbold quotesstroke quotesmarvellous quoteslonger quotesholds quotessway quotesreal quoteslife quotesprovide quotesexplanations quotesman quotesmakes quotespowers quotescapabilities quotesfree quotessubject quotesmatter quotesliterature quotesearly quotessonnets quotesmodelled quotespetrarch quotesenglish quotesepic quotescloses quotesperiod quotesparadise quoteslost quotespublished quotesrestoration quoteslong quotesfinished quotesgave quotescultural quotesphilosophical quotesideological quotesimpetus quoteswriting quoteswriters quotescentury quotesexplore quotesredefine quotesconcerns quoteshumanity quotesworld quotesassumptions quotesvalid quotesscientific quotesdiscoveries quotesageold quoteshypotheses quotesman quotesgod quotescentral quotesinterest quotesreflected quotesattempted quotesrespond quotesdisintegration quotescertainties quotesuniverse quotescontrol quotesfrightening quotesstimulating quotesatmosphere quotescreative quotestension quotescountry quotescreated quoteslanguage quotesnational quotesinternational quotesidentity quotes
Shakespeare's plays do not present easy solutions. The audience has to decide for itself. King Lear is perhaps the most disturbing in this respect. One of the key words of the whole play is 'Nothing'. When King Lear's daughter Cordelia announces that she can say 'Nothing' about her love for her father, the ties of family love fall apart, taking the king from the height of power to the limits of endurance, reduced to 'nothing' but 'a poor bare forked animal'. Here, instead of 'readiness' to accept any challenge, the young Edgar says 'Ripeness is all'. This is a maturity that comes of learning from experience. But, just as the audience begins to see hope in a desperate and violent situation, it learns that things can always get worse: Who is't can say 'I am at the worst?' ... The worst is not So long as we can say 'This is the worst.' Shakespeare is exploring and redefining the geography of the human soul, taking his characters and his audience further than any other writer into the depths of human behaviour. The range of his plays covers all the 'form and pressure' of mankind in the modern world. They move from politics to family, from social to personal, from public to private. He imposed no fixed moral, no unalterable code of behaviour. That would come to English society many years after Shakespeare's death, and after the tragic hypothesis of Hamlet was fulfilled in 1649, when the people killed the King and replaced his rule with the Commonwealth. Some critics argue that Shakespeare supported the monarchy and set himself against any revolutionary tendencies. Certainly he is on the side of order and harmony, and his writing reflects a monarchic context rather than the more republican context which replaced the monarchy after 1649. It would be fanciful to see Shakespeare as foretelling the decline of the Stuart monarchy. He was not a political commentator. Rather, he was a psychologically acute observer of humanity who had a unique ability to portray his observations, explorations, and insights in dramatic form, in the richest and most exciting language ever used in the English theatre.

Ronald Carter
shakespeares quotesplays quotespresent quoteseasy quotessolutions quotesaudience quotesdecide quotesking quoteslear quotesdisturbing quotesrespect quoteskey quoteswords quotesplay quotesnothing quoteslears quotesdaughter quotescordelia quotesannounces quotesnothing quoteslove quotesfather quotesties quotesfamily quotesfall quotestaking quotesking quotesheight quotespower quoteslimits quotesendurance quotesreduced quotesnothing quotesa quotespoor quotesbare quotesforked quotesanimal quotesreadiness quotesaccept quoteschallenge quotesyoung quotesedgar quotesripeness quotesall quotesmaturity quoteslearning quotesexperience quotesbegins quoteshope quotesdesperate quotesviolent quotessituation quoteslearns quotesthings quotesworse quotesist quotesi quotesworst quotesworst quoteslong quotesthis quotesworst quotesshakespeare quotesexploring quotesredefining quotesgeography quoteshuman quotessoul quotescharacters quoteswriter quotesdepths quotesbehaviour quotesrange quotescovers quotesform quotespressure quotesmankind quotesmodern quotesworld quotesmove quotespolitics quotesfamily quotessocial quotespersonal quotespublic quotesprivate quotesimposed quotesfixed quotesmoral quotesunalterable quotescode quotesenglish quotessociety quotesyears quotesdeath quotestragic quoteshypothesis quoteshamlet quotesfulfilled quotes1649 quotespeople quoteskilled quotesreplaced quotesrule quotescommonwealth quotescritics quotesargue quotessupported quotesmonarchy quotesset quotesrevolutionary quotestendencies quotesside quotesorder quotesharmony quoteswriting quotesreflects quotesmonarchic quotescontext quotesrepublican quotes1649 quotesfanciful quotesforetelling quotesdecline quotesstuart quotesmonarchy quotespolitical quotescommentator quotespsychologically quotesacute quotesobserver quoteshumanity quotesunique quotesability quotesportray quotesobservations quotesexplorations quotesinsights quotesdramatic quotesform quotesrichest quotesexciting quoteslanguage quotestheatre quotes